Prostate enlargement is also called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). It is defined as the condition of enlargement of the prostate gland in males. It is said to be benign but it is not cancerous. There is a gradual increase in the size of prostate gland as a male person grows from puberty to adult mainly during the teen age the prostate increases to twice. Later after the age of 25 it may grow till life.
BPH is mainly associated with the second phase of life. The growth of the prostate exerts pressure on the urethra, causing obstruction of the bladder. It gets thick and loses its elasticity to completely emptying itself. So urine retention starts in the bladder and due to narrow urethral opening a lot of symptoms start exhibiting in that region.
How does enlargement of the prostate happen?
There are more than one theory present to explain the phenomenon
- 1 st theory: Male testicles produce both testosterone (male hormone) and in small amounts Estrogen (female hormone) during the late phase of life testosterone levels decrease and estrogen increases which may result in BPH.
- 2 nd theory: Dihydrotestosterone(DTH) is a male hormone responsible for development of the prostate. In old age production of DTH in excess causes prostate enlargement.
Risk factors of Benign prostatic hyperplasia
Men with following characteristics are vulnerable to develop BPH:
- Above 40 yrs of age or above
- Genetic factor of family history
- Type 2 Diabetes
- Erectile dysfunction
- Low physical exercise.
Symptoms of Benign prostatic hyperplasia:
The complications of benign prostatic hyperplasia may include
- acute urinary retention
- chronic, or long lasting, urinary retention
- blood in the urine
- urinary tract infections (UTIs)
- bladder damage
- kidney damage
- bladder stones
In most of the cases any complications don’t occur but in some cases it may lead to severe kidney diseases.
Diagnosis of Benign prostatic Hyperplasia:
- Urine analysis
- Trans rectal ultrasound
- Urodynamic tests
- Prostate specific antigen tests
Complications of Benign prostatic urethra:
Some common symptoms associated with BPH are related to the lower urinary tract such as:
- Urinary frequency: increase in urine frequency upto 8 times a day.
- Urinary urgency: Suppression of urge for urine causes disturbance in urine stream.
- Dribbling micturition: Passing urine drop wise
- Nocturia: frequent urination during periods of sleep
- Urinary retention
- Urine incontinence: losing control over urine.
- Pain after ejaculation or on passing urine.
- Unusual urine color and smell.
Management and treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia in Ayurveda:
Detox: Ayurveda has various methods to detox by means of panchkarma therapies.
Medications: there are various herbal medications in Ayurveda specially working on urinary system such as:
They have best results on BPH but these must be taken only after the advice of an Ayurvedic physician.
- Urinate as soon as the urge arises.
- Remain sexually active.
- Take time to urinate when it is convenient, even if there is no urge.
- Do not suppress the urinary urges on travelling
- Drink eight or more glasses of water every day.
- Avoid toxins like alcohol, tobacco, smoking and coffee. Avoid foods which cause constipation.
- Control stress and reduce mental exertion at work place.
- Don’t control the natural urges of urination.
- Do not drink liquids too close to bedtime.
When to see a doctor??
Mainly benign prostatic hyperplasia is associated with a lot of uncomfortable symptoms. So, it need not to be ignored. Visit your nearest ayurveda consultant or visit our clinic. You can book an appointment online at www.1Veda.com for best treatment and expert’s advice.