Menstrual cycles always come with a variety of Dyscomfortful symptoms leading up to your period. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) consists of the most common issues, such as mild cramping and fatigue, but the symptoms usually go away when the period begins.
However, other, more serious menstrual problems may also occur. Menstruation that is too heavy or too light, or the complete absence of a cycle, indicates that something is wrong going on there because the menstrual cycle experience is different for every woman. Some face no symptoms or. Discomfort at all, some face mild difficulties and some face severe pain and other uncomfortable symptoms.
PMS occurs one to two weeks before the period begins. Some women experience a wide range of physical and emotional symptoms. Others experience few symptoms or even none at all.
Symptoms of PMS:
- breast soreness
- food cravings
- excessive fatigue
- feelings of stress
- Mild stomach cramps experiences may vary as women may experience different symptoms every month, and the severity of these symptoms can also vary.
PMS is uncomfortable, but it’s generally not something to worry about unless it interferes with your normal activities.
Another common menstrual problem is a heavy period. Medically called as menorrhagia, heavy periods cause a female to bleed more than normal. It may also be determined by a menstrual phase more than 5-7 days Or flow of blood more than 80 ml in a day. It is mainly due to hormonal imbalance, specifically in the levels of oestrogen and progesterone hormones.
Other causes of heavy or irregular menstrual bleeding include:
- Vaginal infections
- Inflammation of the cervix
- Underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism)
- Noncancerous uterus tumours (fibroids)
- Changes in diet or exercise
Absence of Periods
In some cases, women may not experience their period. This is called amenorrhea. Primary amenorrhea is when a girl doesn’t get her first period by the age of 16. This may be caused by an issue with the pituitary gland, a congenital defect of the female reproductive system, or a delay in puberty. Secondary amenorrhea occurs when you stop getting your regular periods for six months or more.
Common causes of primary amenorrhea and secondary amenorrhea in teens include:
- Overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism)
- Ovarian cysts
- Sudden weight gain or loss
- Stopping birth control
When adults do not menstruate, the common causes are often different. These may include:
- Premature ovarian failure
- Pelvic inflammatory disease (a reproductive infection)
- Stopping birth control after a
- Long use may cause
- hormonal imbalance
- Breastfeeding also increases oestrogen level which stops periods
- Menopause after an age of 40
A missed period could depict pregnancy, but can’t confirm pregnancy unless a pregnancy test is performed. Urine pregnancy tests are the least expensive way to check whether pregnancy is present or not. To get the most accurate results, wait until you have missed your period by at least one week before taking the test.
Excessive Painful during Periods
If your period is lighter or heavier than normal as well as painful beyond your capacity to bear then it is not considered to be normal. Cramps are normal during PMS and they also occur when your uterus contracts as your period begins. However, some women experience unbearable pain called as dysmenorrhea in medical terminology , extremely painful menstruation is likely linked to an underlying medical problem, such as:
- Fibroids of uterus or cervix
- Pelvic inflammatory disease (Infection of Upper reproductive tract eg, uterus, fallopian tube, ovaries.)
- Abnormal tissue growth outside of the Uterus (Endometriosis)
Diagnosis of menstrual problems:
- Endometrial biopsy: Extracting a part of the endometrium of uterus and testing at a biochemical exam.
- USG: to visualize the internal structure of the uterus.
- Hysteroscopy: Insertion of camera to visualize the internal structures of the uterus
- Hormone profiling: for LH, FSH, Estrogen and progesterone.
- TFT: Thyroid function test
General management of menstrual problems with home remedies:
Most of the time the major cause of menstrual problems are only hormonal issues which can be only regulated with diet and exercise even without medications.
A. Dietary Regimen:
- Raw Papaya: It has been traditional used in India to avoid unwanted pregnancies and to induce abortions. It is very hot in potency and increases the levels of estrogen which contracts the uterus during periods.
- Ginger: It has a large amount of antioxidant properties as we all know, apart from that it is essential in making periods regular by contracting the uterus.
- Fennel seeds: It has a great importance in increasing the estrogen levels which is good for the endometrial shedding and in pcos as well.
- Aloe vera: Aloe vera was popularly known as GhritKumari or kumari as it is known to solve health problems in females. Aloe vera helps in regularizing irregular periods by regulating hormones.
- Cinnamon: Cinnamon also called as dalchini is a great ingredient which is helpful in maintaining the menstrual flow and regulating the levels of Hormones, so it must be taken early in the morning with lukewarm water.
- Soyabean: They are rich in estrogen levels, very helpful in maintaining the regulation of periods in pcos or pcod as well.
B. Lifestyle Regimen
Yoga and exercise is very important for maintaining the health of the reproductive system in females, abnormal menses cannot be treated without following the exercises. Some Common yoga poses are:
- Tadasana(Tree pose)
- Pawan muktasana
- Nadi shodhan pranayam
When to see a doctor??
Menstrual always accompanies with few common symptoms like cramps, moodswing, bloating, weight gain etc which are often considered to be normal, but if the symptoms reaches beyond the capacity to bear, then it is not needed to be ignored, there could be a serious problem present, Contact immediately to a good gynecologist, visit to our clinic Or contact online at www.1veda.com for best treatment and advice.