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    Eczema

    Overview

    The term ‘Eczema’ is derived from a Greek word meaning ‘to boil’. It is characterized by skin rashes, swelling, itching, dryness, and flaking. The skin itches and when scratched results in a rash. It is the most common and most troublesome of all skin diseases.

    Eczema is essentially a constitutional disease, resulting from a toxic condition of the system. The disease covers a wide variety of forms, the majority of them being of a chronic variety. 

    In Ayurveda, eczema is known as Vivarchika, according to Ayurvedic pathology, eczema occurs when the immune system becomes unbalanced, so the condition is often associated with other allergic conditions like allergic asthma, hay fever, etc. Genetic factors, debility, climate, and psychological factors can dispose of one of the conditions. 

    Eczema Atopic dermatitis - 1Veda Ayurveda
    Eczema Atopic dermatitis - 1Veda Ayurveda

    Types of Eczema

    1. Contact Eczema: It is caused by exposure to irritants to the skin, repeatedly.
    2. Atopic Eczema 
      • It is mainly a hereditic allergy characterized by symptoms produced on open exposure to environmental antigen.
      • 60% of children with atopic eczema have one parent with the same condition.
      • If both the parents have the condition then children run on 80% risk of developing eczema.
      • Approximately 90% of eczema cases start before the age of 5. 

    Symptoms associated with Eczema

    Eczema in its acute form is indicated by redness and swelling of the skin, formation of minute vesicles and severe heat. If vesicles rupture a raw, moist surface is formed. From this, a colorless discharge oozes, which forms skin crusts when it accumulates. The disease is usually worse at night when the heat of the body is retained by the bedclothes.

    The skin itches at all stages. In the wet stage, it may become infected with bacteria. The healing of the condition is affected by scratching in response to the irritation. Scratching not only spreads infection but also lengthens the stage of dryness and scaling.

    Symptoms 

    1. Itching 
    2. Scaling 
    3. Redness 
    4. Fluid-filled blisters
    5. Cracking 
    Eczema Atopic dermatitis - 1Veda Ayurveda
    Eczema Atopic dermatitis - 1Veda Ayurveda

    Commonly Affected Body Parts

    1. Face 
    2. Neck 
    3. Scalp 
    4. Hand and wrist 
    5. Inner Elbows 
    6. Back of knees 
    7. Forearms 
    8. Legs 
    9. Inside and back of ear 

    What causes Eczema?

    The ayurvedic System of Medicine says that the aggravation of all three doshas due to faulty lifestyle and eating patterns cause impairment of rakta dhatu. Impaired rakta dhatu have heating toxins that are accumulated in the layers of the skin causing eczema.

    Allergies play an important part in causing eczema. Some women get eczema on their hands due to an allergy to soap or detergents used to wash clothes or dishes. Some people develop it around the fingers when they wear rings because of an allergy to metals.

    Researchers at the University of Science Center at San Antonio, in a recent study of children with atopic eczema, found that 75% were allergic to a number of foods. The most common triggers for sensitive persons are eggs, peanuts, chocolate, wheat, cow’s milk, chicken and potato.

    Other causes include faulty metabolism, constipation, nutritional deficiencies and stress brought by nagging spouses, jealousy, frustration and a host of other emotions. Suppressive drug treatment of a former disease is also a most potent subsidiary causative factor in many cases.

    Eczema Atopic dermatitis - 1Veda Ayurveda
    Eczema Atopic dermatitis - 1Veda Ayurveda

    Casual Factors

    1. Soap and detergent 
    2. Household chemicals 
    3. Nickel 
    4. Cosmetics 
    5. Certain plants such as poison ivy 
    6. Cold and dry air 
    7. Genetic factor 
    8. Environmental causes like house dust mites, heat, pollen, pet fur etc 

    Complications

    1. Heavy bacterial colonization is common in all types of eczema, overt infection is most troublesome in atopic types.
    2. Local superimposed allergic reactions to medications can provoke dissemination specially in gravitational eczema.
    3. A huge effect on quality of life
    4. An itchy sleepless child can wreck family life
    5. Eczema can interfere with work, sport activities and sex life. 
    6. Jobs can be lost due to this. 
    Eczema Atopic dermatitis - 1Veda Ayurveda
    Eczema Atopic dermatitis - 1Veda Ayurveda

    General Management By Home Remedies

    1. Soap and detergent 
    2. Household chemicals 
    3. Nickel 
    4. Cosmetics 
    5. Certain plants such as poison ivy 
    6. Cold and dry air 
    7. Genetic factor 
    8. Environmental causes like house dust mites, heat, pollen, pet fur etc 

    FAQ

    Atopic eczema has no known cause. True or False?

    False. Atopic eczema is now thought to be related to defective production of skin protein called filaggrin in many cases. 

    Is atopic eczema contagious?

    No. Although a predisposition to atopic eczema can be inherited, it is not transmissible from person to person. 

    Is atopic eczema contagious?

    No. Although a predisposition to atopic eczema can be inherited, it is not transmissible from person to person.