Cervical spondylosis is a natural wearing and tearing of cartilage, ligaments or disc , major symptoms of neck stiffness.
What is cervical Spondylosis?
It is an age-related wear and tear of the cervical spine which can lead to neck pain, neck stiffness and many other symptoms. It may resemble the symptoms of arthritis and osteoarthritis sometimes.
Knowing more about cervical spine
The entire spine is made up of 24 vertebrae. Cervical spine consists of seven vertebrae that begin from the base of the skull, all running from a common opening of the vertebral column along with the spinal cord and nerves. Spinal cord and nerves carry messages between the brain and the rest of the body, as well as organs and muscles.
There is a disk present between every two vertebrae which acts like a shock absorber. Since the disks are made up of flexible strong connective tissue filled with a gel-like material. Acts like a cushion like burger between two vertebrae
Spondylosis is the natural wearing and tearing of the parts of the spine. Cartilage wears over time. The disk loses its integrity and becomes dry and cracked ligaments get tricked and bones start rubbing over each other due to absence of disc, creating friction and causing immense pain over that area. Changes in bones and spine is a natural phenomenon and a part of ageing, sometimes spines start degenerating in early 30s.After mid age 90 percent of the population suffers from cervical spondylosis.
Most common symptoms of cervical spondylosis:
Cervical spondylosis is so common that most of the time the patient remains unaware that he is suffering from cervical spondylosis. Sometimes symptoms often don’t appear. Some typical symptoms of cervical spondylosis are:
- Stiffness of neck: It is the characteristic feature of cervical spondylosis. Pain gets worse on uplifting the neck.
- Nagging soreness in neck: due to the damage to the intervertebral disc it gets difficult to move the neck in order to act a “No” Sign so it is called nagging soreness in neck.
- Muscle spasm: muscle remains in contraction state due to loss of impulse due to ligament and muscular injury.
- Dizziness: Blurred vision is also a symptom of cervical Spondylosis because the occipital lobe is connected to this area and causes vision disturbance.
- Headache: continuous headache remains present due to inflammation in cervical vertebrae.
- Clicking, grinding sound from neck: when the patient moves his head a clicking, grinding kind of sound is felt due the rubbing of intervertebral disc over each other.
Diagnosis of cervical spondylosis
Above symptoms can give a probable idea of the cervical spondylosis but it can't be confirmed unless the ests are no been performed.These tests has been explained below:
- X-rays:It shows the alignment of bones in the neck,x-rays help to rule out the cause for discomfort such as a spinal tumour.
- CT scan (computed tomography):This technique is more precise than a x- ray because it provides more details ,this can help to view the spinal cord in a better way and look for bone spurs.
- MRI (magnetic resonance imagining):it shows the details of soft tissues such as cartilage,nerve roots,muscles,spinal cord and disks,this can rule out spinal compression or herniated disk more clearly.
Causes of cervical spondylosis:
As the time and age progresses various changes start occurring in bones due to normal wear and tear in bone. There are various changes responsible for wear and tear of cervical vertebral disc which Includes:
- Degeneration: The spinal disc may wear down slowly due to ageing of bone which leads to loss of elasticity, causing a decrease in height.
- Herniation: Normal ageing can cause a tear and wear of the spinal disc and result in crack, this is called herniation.
- Disease: any inflammation in joints or bones such as arthritis or osteoarthritis can degenerate the bones leading to wearing and tearing and causing pain.
- Bone spurs: When cartilage between the joint degenerates and bones start rubbing over. Each other and normal bone grew into abnormal edges of the vertebrae .
Prevention and management of cervical spondylosis:
There is no way to prevent cervical spondylosis because it is an age related disease in which the non preventable body goes into age related deterioration.
Sometimes cervical spondylosis doesn't exhibits symptoms and without symptoms the treatment can not be done,only conservative treatment can be performed on appearance of symptoms such as:
- Physical therapy: Symptoms can be released by the means of physical therapy with specific exercises and stretching. Physical therapy focuses on stretching and strengthening the muscles by improving posture. But it should always be performed under an expert’s supervision.
- Compression: massage with ice and heat can help in reducing pain.Apply ice or heat for 20 mins at the area of pain 3-4 times a day then then observe the frequency and severity of pain.
- Massage: massage is also a great option for reduction of pain and stiffness because in ayurveda it is believed that massage or oleation is such a great therapy which can transform even a hard dry tree into a flexible one.
- Soft collar: Wear a therapeutic collar according to the advice of your health professional or doctor,because this can restrict movements of neck for a while and allows rest to the strained muscles of the neck,but using a collar for a large duration of time can shrink the neck muscles,only use ut under doctors supervision.
- Griva basti: it is an ayurvedic therapeutic procedure used to strengthen the neck muscles and reduce pain,here a well of dough is developed and placed over the painful region and filled with warm medicated oil for a specific duration of time. It is the best procedure of ayurveda ,but performed only by experts.
When to see a doctor??
Neck pain for a longer duration of time is not something to be ignored.contact immediately to our clinic or visit online at our official website at www.1veda .com for experts advice.